Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary: Travel Guide for Bird Watchers!

 In Kerala, Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary

If you’re someone who just loves nature and loves to spend time watching colorful birds, then Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary in Kerala is just the place for you! Situated on the banks of Vembanad Lake, this sanctuary is home to a diverse range of bird species, both local and migratory.

With its scenic beauty and rich biodiversity, Kerala offers an unforgettable experience for travelers seeking adventure and relaxation. Explore the wonders of Kerala and the Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary with our exclusive Tour packages of Kerala, designed to immerse you in the region’s natural beauty and cultural heritage.

So in this blog, we’ll explore the Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary in detail and get more insights on the species of birds and wildlife along with the history of the sanctuary. After this blog, this place will be on your list of places to visit in Kerala.

Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary History


The history of the Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary in Kerala dates back to the early 20th century when the area was developed as a rubber plantation by the British colonialists. Over time, the land transitioned into a bird sanctuary due to its favorable habitat for avian species. 

In 1973, the Kumarakom sanctuary was officially established to protect the diverse birdlife found in the region, particularly migratory birds that flock to Kerala during the winter months. Today, the Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary is a prominent eco-tourism destination, attracting visitors from around the world to witness its rich biodiversity and natural beauty.

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Bird Species That are Found at Kumarakom Sanctuary

The Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary in Kerala is a paradise for bird enthusiasts, boasting a rich diversity of avian species. Spanning over 14 acres along the shores of Vembanad Lake, this sanctuary is home to a plethora of birdlife, both resident and migratory. Among the myriad species found here, some of the most notable include:

1. Egrets


These elegant wading birds, including the Great Egret and Little Egret, are commonly spotted in the wetlands and marshes of the Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary. With their striking white plumage and long, slender necks, egrets are a common sight as they forage for fish and insects in the shallow waters.

2. Herons


The Kumarakom sanctuary is also frequented by various species of herons, such as the Grey Heron, Purple Heron, and Indian Pond Heron. These majestic birds can be observed standing motionless along the water’s edge, patiently waiting to catch their prey with lightning-fast strikes of their sharp beaks.

3. Kingfishers


With their vibrant plumage and agile hunting skills, kingfishers are a delight to observe in the Kumarakom Sanctuary. Species like the Common Kingfisher and White-throated Kingfisher can be seen darting across the water surface or perching on branches, scanning for fish below.

4. Cuckoos


During the breeding season, the melodious calls of cuckoos fill the air in the Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary. Species like the Common Hawk-Cuckoo and Asian Koel are commonly heard and occasionally spotted amidst the sanctuary’s lush greenery.

5. Migratory Birds


The sanctuary’s strategic location along the migratory route of birds makes it a hotspot for seasonal visitors from far-flung destinations. During the winter months, species like the Siberian Crane, Teal, and Pintail Duck flock to Kumarakom’s wetlands in search of food and shelter.

6. Waterfowl


 Various species of waterfowl, including ducks, geese, and swans, can be spotted in the sanctuary’s marshes and water bodies. Common examples include the Northern Pintail, Gadwall, and Eurasian Wigeon.

7. Jacanas


These striking waders, known for their long toes and vibrant plumage, can be seen delicately walking on floating vegetation in the sanctuary’s wetlands. The Pheasant-tailed Jacana and Bronze-winged Jacana are two species commonly found here.

8. Rails and Crakes


 Birds like the White-breasted Waterhen and Ruddy-breasted Crake are often heard calling from the dense undergrowth of the sanctuary, though spotting them requires patience and a keen eye.

9. Swifts


Swifts, with their streamlined bodies and impressive aerial acrobatics, can be observed darting through the skies above the sanctuary. Species like the Asian Palm Swift and House Swift are commonly sighted here.

10. Plovers and Lapwings


 These ground-dwelling birds, characterized by their distinctive calls and striking plumage, can be found foraging for food in the sanctuary’s muddy shores and grassy fields. Examples include the Yellow-wattled Lapwing and Red-wattled Lapwing.

11. Wagtails


 Wagtails are often seen flitting about near water bodies, wagging their long tails as they hunt for insects. Species like the Grey Wagtail and White Wagtail are commonly seen in the Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary.

12. Sunbirds


These tiny, colorful birds are a delight to behold as they flit from flower to flower, sipping nectar with their long, curved bills. The Purple-rumped Sunbird and Loten’s Sunbird are two species that can be found in the Kumarakom bird sanctuary in Kerala.

13. Orioles


 With their vibrant plumage and melodious songs, orioles add a splash of colour and sound to the sanctuary’s surroundings. The Black-hooded Oriole and Golden Oriole are two species commonly found in Kerala’s bird-rich habitat.

These are just a few examples of the avian diversity found in the Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary. these bird species contribute to the diverse and vibrant avian community of the Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary in Kerala. Visitors to this sanctuary are treated to a spectacular display of birdlife, making it a must-visit destination for birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts alike.

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Things to do in Kerala’s Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary

Exploring the Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary in Kerala offers a multitude of exciting activities for nature enthusiasts and bird lovers. Here are some of the top things to do in this renowned bird sanctuary:

1. Bird Watching


 The primary attraction of the Bird Sanctuary in Kumarakom is, of course, bird watching. Visitors can embark on guided walks or boat rides through the sanctuary’s wetlands and mangrove forests, where they can observe a diverse array of bird species in their natural habitat. From majestic waterfowl to colorful songbirds, there’s no shortage of avian delights to discover.

2. Photography

 With its stunning natural beauty and abundant birdlife, the Bird Sanctuary in Kumarakom provides endless opportunities for photography enthusiasts to capture breathtaking images. Whether you’re an amateur shutterbug or a seasoned photographer, you’ll find plenty of subjects to photograph amidst the sanctuary’s lush greenery and peaceful waterways.

3. Boating


Exploring the sanctuary’s water bodies by boat is a fantastic way to get up close and personal with the diverse ecosystems of Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary Kerala. Visitors can hire a boat or join a guided boat tour to cruise through the sanctuary’s backwaters, offering a unique perspective on its rich biodiversity.

4. Relaxation

 For those seeking a peaceful retreat amidst nature, the Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary offers ample opportunities for relaxation. Visitors can find quiet spots to sit and unwind amidst the sanctuary’s peaceful surroundings, soaking in the sights and sounds of Kerala’s natural beauty.

Whether you’re a bird enthusiast, a nature lover, or simply seeking a serene escape from the hustle and bustle of daily life, the Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary Kerala offers something for everyone. With its stunning landscapes, diverse wildlife, and a range of activities, it’s no wonder this sanctuary is one of the offbeat places in Kerala

Kumarakom Wildlife Sanctuary


The Kumarakom Wildlife Sanctuary is a serene haven situated along the banks of Vembanad Lake in Kerala. It encompasses a diverse range of habitats, including wetlands, mangrove forests, and tropical evergreen forests, providing a sanctuary for a wide variety of wildlife species. 

Visitors to the Kumarakom Wildlife Sanctuary can embark on boat rides through its peaceful waterways, where they may spot native animals such as otters, turtles, and even the elusive Indian python.

With its scenic landscapes and abundant wildlife, the Kumarakom Wildlife Sanctuary offers a peaceful retreat where visitors can reconnect with nature and experience the beauty of Kerala’s natural world.

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Wildlife Species Found In Kumarakom Wildlife Sanctuary

Some of the notable wildlife species found in the sanctuary include:

1. Otters


Smooth-coated otters are frequently spotted in the sanctuary’s water bodies, where they swim and hunt for fish. These playful mammals are agile swimmers and can often be seen frolicking in the lakes and backwaters of Kumarakom.

2. Turtles


Several species of freshwater turtles inhabit the sanctuary’s wetlands and marshes. Visitors may encounter species like the Indian flap shell turtle and the Indian black turtle basking on the banks of water bodies.

3. Fish


The sanctuary’s aquatic ecosystems support a variety of fish species, including freshwater fish like catfish, carp, and snakeheads. These fish play a vital role in maintaining the ecological balance of the sanctuary’s wetland habitats.

4. Reptiles


In addition to turtles, the Kumarakom Wildlife Sanctuary is home to a range of reptiles, including snakes and lizards. Common snake species include the Indian python, cobra, and rat snake, while monitor lizards are often spotted basking in the sun.

5. Invertebrates


The sanctuary’s diverse habitats support a wealth of invertebrate life, including insects, crustaceans, and molluscs. Butterflies, dragonflies, and damselflies are commonly seen fluttering amidst the vegetation, adding to the sanctuary’s natural beauty.

These are just a few examples of the rich wildlife diversity found in the Kumarakom Wildlife Sanctuary. Visitors to this sanctuary have the opportunity to immerse themselves in Kerala’s natural world and witness firsthand the wonders of its ecosystems.

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What is the Vembanad Lake History?

Vembanad Lake history is a story of Kerala’s heartland, where rivers converge to form a sprawling waterbody, sustaining generations with its bounty. As the lifeline of communities along its shores, it has nourished fishermen and farmers alike, while serving as a conduit for trade and transportation through traditional houseboats. 

Despite facing challenges like pollution and encroachment, efforts to preserve its delicate ecosystem endure, ensuring that this natural gem remains a symbol of Kerala’s rich cultural heritage and a source of livelihood for those who call its banks home.

What’s the Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary ticket price?

The Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary ticket price for Indian nationals, the ticket price ranges from around ₹50 to ₹100 per person, while for foreign nationals, it’s usually between ₹100 to ₹250.

What are the Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary Timings?

The Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary Timings are open all day from 6:30 am to 4:30 pm.

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Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary is a haven for nature lovers and bird enthusiasts alike. With its peaceful surroundings and diverse avian population, it offers a unique opportunity to connect with the beauty of the natural world. 

Whether you’re strolling along the winding paths or gliding through the serene backwaters, the sanctuary provides a peaceful retreat where one can marvel at the wonders of the feathered kingdom. Visiting the sanctuary is not just a journey through lush greenery; it’s a chance to witness the harmony of ecosystems and appreciate the importance of conservation efforts in preserving our precious biodiversity.

What is the Speciality of Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary?

The speciality of the Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary lies in its diverse avian population, attracting migratory birds from far and wide. Nestled amidst lush greenery and tranquil backwaters, the sanctuary offers a haven for birdwatchers to observe species like herons, egrets, kingfishers, and more in their natural habitat. Its serene ambience and rich biodiversity make it a unique destination for nature enthusiasts.

Which is the largest bird sanctuary in Kerala?

The largest bird sanctuary in Kerala is the Thattekad Bird Sanctuary, also known as the Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary. Located near the village of Thattekad in Ernakulam district, it covers an area of approximately 25 square kilometres. This sanctuary is renowned for its rich biodiversity, particularly its diverse avian population, making it a paradise for birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts alike.

Which river flows in the Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary?

The Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary is cradled by the serene backwaters of Vembanad Lake, which is fed by several rivers, including the Meenachil, Achankovil, and Manimala rivers. These rivers converge to create the picturesque landscape of Kumarakom, providing essential habitat for the sanctuary’s diverse avian population and contributing to its lush greenery and tranquil ambiance.

Which is the bird's largest sanctuary?

The largest bird sanctuary in the world is the Sundarbans National Park, located in the Sundarbans Delta in India and Bangladesh. Covering an area of approximately 10,000 square kilometres, it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and home to a rich variety of avian species, including endangered ones like the Bengal florican and the greater adjutant stork. Its vast mangrove forests and waterways provide essential habitat for diverse bird populations.

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