9 Best National Parks in Andaman: Exploring the Rich Wildlife
Step into a world where azure waters meet lush green jungles, where adventure and peace coexist harmoniously – welcome to the National Parks of Andaman and Nicobar Islands! If you want to have a memorable Andaman Trip, then these National Parks in Andaman are a Must-Visit.
The Andaman Islands, nestled in the azure waters of the Bay of Bengal, are a paradise for nature enthusiasts. Among the other natural gems of Andaman, the National Parks in Andaman and Nicobar Island stand out as offbeat wonders, waiting to be explored.
From the Campbell Bay National Park in the south to the Galathea National Park in the north, each one offers a unique natural experience. Each of these parks offers a distinctive ecosystem, abundant wildlife, and a chance to connect with the pristine beauty of the islands
Whether you’re an adventure seeker, a wildlife enthusiast, or simply someone looking to escape the hustle and bustle of city life, the National Parks in Andaman and Nicobar Islands have something special to offer. So, let’s embark on an Andaman trip and discover the secrets of these untouched paradises.
9 Best National Parks in Andaman
1. Campbell Bay National Park – A Tropical Wilderness
Campbell Bay National Park, located on the Great Nicobar Island, is a true tropical wilderness. Covering an expansive area of 426.23 square kilometers, it is the largest national park in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. This Andaman Nicobar National Park is a haven for nature enthusiasts and adventure seekers.
- Biodiversity at Its Best
The biodiversity in Campbell Bay National Park is simply astounding. From lush rainforests to pristine beaches and mangrove creeks, the park offers a wide range of ecosystems. It is home to various endangered species, including the Nicobar Megapode, a ground-nesting bird, and the critically endangered Nicobar Shrew.
- Adventure Awaits
For those with an adventurous spirit, Campbell Bay National Park is one of the best national parks in Andaman which offers exciting trekking opportunities. The challenging trails lead you through dense forests and open up to breathtaking viewpoints. The journey to Indira Point, the southernmost tip of India, is an experience you’ll cherish forever.
2. Galathea National Park – An Underwater Wonderland
Galathea National Park is one of the unique national parks in Andaman as it primarily encompasses the underwater realm. Situated on the western coast of Great Nicobar Island, this marine park extends over 110 square kilometers, making it the smallest of the Andaman Nicobar National Park in terms of land area.
- Coral Reefs and Marine Life
What makes Galathea National Park extraordinary are its vibrant coral reefs. These reefs are teeming with marine life, including colorful fish, turtles, and even the elusive dugong. Snorkeling and scuba diving here provide a glimpse into an underwater wonderland. The Galathea National Park is one of the best places to indulge in these underwater adventure water sports on Andaman Island.
3. Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park – A Diverse Marine Ecosystem
Located near Wandoor Beach in the South Andaman District, Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park is a treasure trove of marine biodiversity. Spread across 281.5 square kilometers, this park protects a diverse range of coral reefs, sea cucumbers, and other marine species.
- Snorkeling Paradise
For visitors, one of the highlights of Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park is the opportunity to snorkel and explore its crystal-clear waters. The underwater gardens here are a kaleidoscope of colors, making it a snorkeling paradise. The popular snorkeling spots in this national parks in Andaman include the Jolly Buoy Island and the Red Skin Island.
4. Middle Button Island National Park – A Pristine Oasis
Middle Button Island National Park, is one of the national parks in Andaman which is situated in the Andaman Sea. Middle Button Island is renowned for its pristine beaches and crystal-clear waters. The coral reefs here are particularly vibrant, making it a snorkeler’s paradise. Swimming alongside colorful fish in the warm waters is a truly magical experience.
- Avian Delight
One of the best national parks in Andaman for Bird watchers is Middle Button Island National Park. The island is a breeding ground for several species of seabirds, including the brown noddy and the elegant frigatebird. Watching these birds in their natural habitat is a rewarding experience.
5. Mount Harriet National Park – The Crown of Andaman
Mount Harriet National Park, located on the stunning Ross Island, is often referred to as the “Crown of Andaman.” Covering an area of 46.62 square kilometers, it is the third-largest national park in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. This park is a testament to the rich biodiversity and mesmerizing landscapes found in the Andamans.
- Diverse Flora and Fauna
The Andaman and Nicobar National Park is a haven for flora and fauna, boasting a diverse range of species. It is home to the Andaman wild pig, saltwater crocodile, and numerous species of butterflies. The lush greenery and dense forests make it a paradise for birdwatchers, with species like the Andaman wood pigeon and Andaman serpent eagle gracing the skies. Going for a night trek here, to explore the diverse flora and fauna is one of the popular activities to enjoy the nightlife in Andaman.
- Trekking Adventures
For adventure enthusiasts, Mount Harriet offers trekking trails that lead to spectacular viewpoints. One of the most popular treks takes you to Madhuban, where you can witness breathtaking panoramic views of the surrounding islands and the Bay of Bengal.
6. North Button Island National Park – A Hidden Gem
North Button Island National Park, is one of the best offbeat national parks in Andaman, nestled in the azure waters of the Andaman Sea. It is a best-kept hidden gem waiting to be discovered.
Though this is one of the smallest national parks in Andaman with an area of 0.44 square kilometers, it is rich in its natural beauty and biodiversity.
- Vibrant Coral Reefs
What sets the North Button Island National Parks in Andaman apart is its vibrant coral reefs, which are home to a kaleidoscope of marine life. Snorkeling and diving in its crystal-clear waters offer a glimpse into a thriving underwater world. Keep an eye out for the exquisite coral formations and the shy dugong, often spotted in these waters.
7. Rani Jhansi Marine National Park – Watch the Waves
Rani Jhansi Marine National Park is one of the national parks in Andaman located near Port Blair and is a testament to the breathtaking underwater beauty of the Andaman Islands. Encompassing an area of 256.14 square kilometers, it is the perfect destination for marine enthusiasts.
- Coral Gardens
The national parks in Andaman and Nicobar Islands are renowned for its coral gardens, which are home to a myriad of fish species, sea anemones, and colorful corals. Glass-bottom boat rides and snorkeling tours allow you to explore this aquatic wonderland without getting wet. Don’t miss the chance to spot the playful dolphins that frequent these waters.
8. Saddle Peak National Park – The Highest Point
Saddle Peak National Park, located on North Andaman Island, gets its name from Saddle Peak, the highest point in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. This park covers an area of 32.54 square kilometers and is a paradise for trekkers and nature lovers.
- Verdant Forests
This is one of the popular national parks in Andaman for the trekking adventure that it offers. This national park is shrouded in dense evergreen forests and is home to a variety of wildlife, including the Andaman imperial pigeon and the rare Andaman horseshoe bat. The trek to Saddle Peak offers an immersive experience in the heart of Andaman’s wilderness.
9. South Button Island National Park – Pristine Waters
South Button Island National Park is one of the National Parks in Andaman situated south of North Button Island and is another jewel in Andaman’s marine crown. Spanning an area of 0.03 square kilometers, this park may be small in size, but it’s rich in marine diversity.
- Snorkeler’s Paradise
For snorkelers, this park is a paradise. The clear waters teem with vibrant coral formations and an abundance of marine life, including graceful sea turtles. Snorkeling here is like swimming in an underwater garden.
In conclusion, the Andaman National Parks provide a glimpse into the raw and untouched beauty of the archipelago and their dedication to preserving its natural resources. Whether you are an adventurer, a marine enthusiast, or simply appreciate the untouched wilderness, these national parks in Andaman offer a range of experiences to suit all tastes.
From the lush Campbell Bay jungles to the colorful coral reefs of the Mahatma Gandhi National Park, these national parks in Andaman and Nicobar Islands are the gateway to nature’s wonders. By visiting these national parks, visitors can experience the beauty of nature and gain a deeper understanding of the fragile ecosystems that create Andaman’s natural paradise.
Not only does it provide an opportunity to connect with nature, but it also serves as a reminder of the importance of conservation in order to safeguard these fragile ecosystems. So, grab your hiking boots and get ready for an amazing adventure into the world of nature as you visit these National Parks in Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Frequently Asked Questions for National Parks in Andaman
1. How many national parks are there in Andaman and Nicobar Islands?
There are 9 National Parks in Andaman as follows – Campbell Bay National Park, Galathea National Park, Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park, Middle Button Island National Park, Mount Harriet National Park, North Button Island National Park, Rani Jhansi Marine National Park, Saddle Peak National Park and South Button Island National Park
2. Which one is the state bird of Andaman Nicobar Island?
The Andaman Wood Pigeon is the state bird of Andaman and Nicobar Island. This bird is one of the rarest birds on the planet, and it’s only found in the National Parks in Andaman. It’s about the same size as a domestic pigeon but with a longer tail. It has a whitish head with a checkerboard pattern, and the underparts are dark slate grey.
3. Which is the smallest national park in Andaman and Nicobar Islands?
Galathea National Park is the smallest national park in Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Though the size of this national park in Andaman is the smallest, it is one of the richest biodiversity zones on these islands.
4. Which reptiles can you spot in national parks in Andaman?
As you venture into the national parks of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, you’ll encounter a fascinating array of reptiles. These include the awe-inspiring Andaman Cobra, the venomous Nicobar Pit Viper, the elusive saltwater crocodile lurking in mangrove estuaries, and the gentle giants of the sea, various species of sea turtles such as the Olive Ridley turtle. Additionally, the parks are home to a diverse population of lizards, enhancing the rich diversity of reptilian life found in these pristine ecosystems.