Historic Forts In Rajasthan: Must-Visit On Your Trip To Rajasthan
The Majestic Palaces and Forts in Rajasthan, serve as a living testament to the glorious past, of Rajasthan and thus captivates travelers with its royal heritage. Stepping into this enchanting state is like entering a realm of timeless splendor and regal grandeur. With its rich heritage, vibrant culture, and architectural marvels, the magnificent palaces and forts in Rajasthan are truly a treasure trove of this incredible state of India. So, pack your bags, step into the realm of the Rajputs, and embark on an unforgettable adventure through the majestic palaces and forts of Rajasthan with our Rajasthan Tour Packages.
Enveloped in the mystique of history, Rajasthan boasts an extraordinary legacy of Rajputana kings and their valorous tales which you can relive by visiting these 15 Best Places to Visit in Rajasthan. The historic forts in Rajasthan and palaces scattered across the vast expanse of this desert state serve as tangible reminders of an era characterized by chivalry, romance, and power. These architectural marvels reflect the artistry, craftsmanship, and cultural ethos of the past era. From the colossal Amber Fort in Jaipur to the exquisite Mehrangarh Fort in Jodhpur, Rajasthan’s forts are a testament to the strategic brilliance of the Rajput rulers. These formidable structures, perched atop rocky hills or nestled amidst arid landscapes, offer panoramic views of the surrounding regions and transport visitors to a bygone era.
Visiting the historic palaces and forts in Rajasthan is not just a journey into history; it is a chance to experience the regal lifestyle of the Rajput rulers. Each fort and palace tells a unique story, unveiling the lives and legacies of the kings and queens who once inhabited these resplendent abodes.
Here is a list of Must-Visit Forts in Rajasthan:
Perched majestically on a rocky hill in Jodhpur, Mehrangarh Fort is one of the historic forts in Rajasthan and a captivating testament to the architectural brilliance of Rajasthan. With its intriguing history, impressive features, and fascinating facts, this fort beckons travelers to embark on a journey of discovery and immerse themselves in its awe-inspiring grandeur. The history of Mehrangarh Fort dates back to 1459 when it was founded by Rao Jodha, the chief of the Rathore clan. It was strategically constructed on Bhaurcheeria Hill to provide a vantage point for defense against enemy invasions. Over the centuries, the fort underwent expansions and additions, resulting in a magnificent structure that stands tall to this day.
The fort boasts significant features that leave visitors in awe. Its massive walls, rising up to 36 meters in height and 21 meters in width, showcase intricate carvings and latticework, reflecting the exquisite craftsmanship of the era. As one steps inside, the palaces within the complex, such as Moti Mahal (Pearl Palace), Phool Mahal (Flower Palace), and Sheesh Mahal (Mirror Palace), enchant with their splendid architecture, vibrant frescoes, and intricate mirror work.
Mehrangarh Fort is not just a historical monument; it is a treasure trove of interesting facts that add to its allure. Over the years, the fort has been featured in popular movies, including “The Dark Knight Rises,” “The Jungle Book,” and “Veer.” Its magnificent structure and stunning backdrop have captivated filmmakers, making it an iconic location for cinematic storytelling.
Additionally, the fort holds a Guinness World Record for hosting the largest turban (pagri) tying event, where over 5,000 people participated, celebrating the cultural significance of turbans in Rajasthan. For adventure enthusiasts, Mehrangarh Fort offers the exhilarating Flying Fox adventure activity. Zip-lining across the fort’s walls provides a thrilling experience and offers breathtaking aerial views of the fort and the scenic cityscape of Jodhpur.
Nestled amidst the rugged Aravalli hills in Rajasthan, the magnificent Kumbhalgarh Fort is one of the historic forts in Rajasthan that stands as a testament to the architectural brilliance and rich history of the region. With its fascinating history, impressive features, and intriguing facts, Kumbhalgarh Fort entices travelers to explore its grandeur and experience the allure of this ancient stronghold. The history of Kumbhalgarh Fort traces back to the 15th century when it was commissioned by Maharana Kumbha, the ruler of Mewar. Built atop a hill, the fort served as a strategic stronghold and played a significant role in the defense of the Mewar kingdom against external invasions. The construction of the fort took several years to complete and stands as a testament to the engineering genius of that era.
Kumbhalgarh Fort boasts several significant features that make it a remarkable architectural marvel. The fort’s walls, stretching over 36 kilometers in length, are among the longest in the world and second only to the Great Wall of China. These massive walls are wide enough for eight horses to ride abreast, showcasing the fort’s impregnability and the military foresight of its builders. The fort also houses over 360 temples within its premises, making it an important pilgrimage site for devotees. One of the most notable aspects of Kumbhalgarh Fort is its light and sound show, which narrates the history and legends associated with the fort. The show takes visitors on a mesmerizing journey through time, bringing to life the heroic tales of valor and sacrifice that are etched in the fort’s walls.
Kumbhalgarh Fort has also served as a picturesque backdrop for various movies and television shows. The magnificent architecture and panoramic views of the surrounding landscape have attracted filmmakers, and movies like “Veer” and “Maharana Pratap” have been shot here, adding to the fort’s allure and cinematic charm. The fort is not only known for its history and architectural grandeur but also for intriguing facts that captivate visitors. Legends say that the construction of the fort faced many challenges, and each time a portion of the wall was built, it would collapse overnight. Finally, a spiritual preceptor suggested a solution that involved a human sacrifice. A volunteer offered himself, and his shrine, the Hanuman Pol, still stands as a testament to this sacrifice.
Visiting Kumbhalgarh Fort offers an opportunity to immerse oneself in the rich history, cultural heritage, and natural beauty of Rajasthan. Exploring the intricate architecture, walking along the expansive walls, and witnessing the panoramic vistas of the Aravalli hills create an unforgettable experience. Kumbhalgarh Fort stands as a symbol of the indomitable spirit and valor of the Mewar dynasty.
Chittorgarh, located in the state of Rajasthan, holds a significant place in Indian history and is home to the majestic Chittorgarh Fort. Steeped in legend and valor, the fort stands as a testament to the indomitable spirit of the Rajputs. Chittorgarh Fort is a destination that not only offers a glimpse into the glorious past but also leaves visitors with a profound appreciation for the valor and resilience of the Rajput warriors, making it one of the most visited Historic Palaces and Forts in Rajasthan. The history of Chittorgarh Fort dates back to the 7th century when it was founded by the Maurya dynasty. Over the centuries, it served as the capital of the Mewar kingdom and witnessed several legendary battles and tales of sacrifice. The fort was a symbol of Rajput chivalry, and its rulers fiercely defended it against numerous sieges, including the famous sieges by Alauddin Khilji and Emperor Akbar.
Chittorgarh Fort is renowned for its significant features that leave visitors awestruck. Spread over an expansive area, it houses numerous palaces, temples, and towers that showcase the architectural brilliance of the Rajputs. The iconic Vijay Stambh (Tower of Victory) and Kirti Stambh (Tower of Fame) are architectural masterpieces adorned with intricate carvings and sculptures, representing the glorious past of the Rajput dynasty. One of the most renowned structures within the fort is the Rana Kumbha Palace. This palace bears witness to the heroic tales of Rani Padmini and her legendary beauty. The palace complex also includes several other palaces and structures, such as the Fateh Prakash Palace, where the ancient manuscripts and armor of the Rajput rulers are preserved.
Chittorgarh Fort is associated with intriguing facts that pique the interest of visitors. It is said to be the largest fort in India, covering an area of approximately 700 acres. The fort is also known for its unique water harvesting system, which consists of several reservoirs and step wells that were crucial for the fort’s survival during times of siege. In addition, Chittorgarh Fort has served as a backdrop for various movies and television shows. The fort’s grandeur and historical significance have attracted filmmakers, and movies like “Padmaavat” have been shot here, bringing the tales of the fort’s valor to the silver screen.
Visiting Chittorgarh Fort is like stepping into a bygone era of bravery and romance. Exploring its sprawling complex, standing atop its mighty walls, and immersing oneself in the tales of sacrifice and heroism evoke a sense of awe and admiration.
4. Amer Fort
Amer Fort, situated in Jaipur, Rajasthan, is a captivating architectural masterpiece that reflects the grandeur and opulence of the Rajput era. Imbued with history and adorned with intricate artwork, makes Amer Fort is one of the best examples of fresco artworks among the other palaces and forts in Rajasthan, making it a must-visit destination that offers a glimpse into the glorious past of Rajasthan. The history of Amer Fort dates back to the late 16th century when it was commissioned by Raja Man Singh I, a trusted general of Emperor Akbar. The fort served as the royal residence of the Rajput rulers of Amer and played a significant role in their governance. The construction of the fort took several years to complete, with subsequent additions made by successive rulers, resulting in a breathtaking amalgamation of Rajput and Mughal architectural styles.
Amer Fort boasts significant features that leave visitors spellbound. Its imposing structure, constructed with red sandstone and marble, stands majestically atop a hill, offering panoramic views of the surrounding landscape. The fort’s impressive entrance, known as Suraj Pol (Sun Gate), greets visitors with intricate artwork and leads to a pathway adorned with Diwan-i-Aam (Hall of Public Audience) and Diwan-i-Khas (Hall of Private Audience). The Sheesh Mahal (Mirror Palace) within the fort is a dazzling masterpiece, adorned with thousands of reflective mirrors that create an enchanting play of light. The fort’s design incorporates ingenious ventilation systems and hidden passages, which were vital for maintaining a comfortable climate within the palaces during the scorching summer months.
Amer Fort’s splendor has attracted the attention of filmmakers, and it has served as a backdrop for various movies like “Khoobsurat” and the iconic Bollywood film “Jodhaa Akbar.” The fort’s magnificent architecture, intricate detailing, and picturesque setting have made it a popular location for capturing the essence of Rajasthan’s regal heritage on the silver screen. Visiting Amer Fort is like stepping into a world of timeless elegance and regal charm. Its exquisite architecture, ornate courtyards, and beautiful frescoes transport visitors to an era of grandeur and royalty. Exploring the fort’s palaces, strolling through its manicured gardens, and witnessing the mesmerizing Sound and Light Show create a truly immersive experience.
Jaigarh Fort, situated atop the picturesque Aravalli Hills in Jaipur, Rajasthan, is a remarkable monument that narrates the rich history of the region. This formidable structure, built in 1726 by Maharaja Jai Singh II, stands as a testament to the architectural brilliance and military might of the Rajputs. The fort was primarily constructed to serve as a defensive stronghold for the Amer Fort and the city of Jaipur, ensuring their protection from potential invaders.
One of the most significant features of Jaigarh Fort is its massive cannon, Jaivana, which holds the distinction of being the world’s largest wheeled cannon. This colossal artillery piece weighs around 50 tons and has an awe-inspiring length of 20 feet. Although it has never been used in battle, its sheer size and engineering marvel make it a fascinating highlight of the fort. It is said that a single cannonball fired from Jaivana had the potential to traverse a distance of approximately 22 miles, making it an imposing deterrent against enemy forces. The fort also houses various other notable attractions that captivate visitors. The grand entrance gate, known as the Lahore Gate, greets visitors with its intricate carvings and imposing architecture. Inside the fort, one can explore the well-preserved palaces, sprawling gardens, and expansive courtyards that once hosted the royal Rajput family. The palace complex includes the Diwan-e-Aam, or the Hall of Public Audience, and the Diwan-e-Khas, the Hall of Private Audience, each adorned with delicate frescoes and exquisite marble work.
Several Bollywood movies, including “Shuddh Desi Romance” and “Padmavat,” have utilized the fort’s majestic backdrop to enhance their visual storytelling. Apart from its historical and cinematic allure, Jaigarh Fort also boasts a fascinating array of interesting facts. It is said to have an underground passage that connects it to the Amer Fort, providing an escape route during times of siege. Additionally, it is believed that the fort once housed vast treasures, including gold, silver, and precious gems, which were safeguarded within its fortified walls.
Visiting Jaigarh Fort offers a unique opportunity to immerse oneself in the rich history and architectural grandeur of Rajasthan. The fort’s strategic location, awe-inspiring structures, and intriguing legends create an irresistible allure for history enthusiasts, architecture admirers, and nature lovers alike. The panoramic views of the surrounding landscape from the fort’s vantage points, including the breathtaking sight of the Pink City of Jaipur, further enhance the experience
Perched on the rugged Aravalli Hills overlooking the enchanting Pink City of Jaipur, Nahargarh Fort is an 18th-century masterpiece that exudes grandeur and historical significance. Built in 1734 by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II as a retreat and defense fortification, Nahargarh Fort has since become an iconic attraction in Rajasthan, captivating visitors with its architectural splendor and breathtaking vistas. The fort derives its name from a legend that narrates the spirit of a Rathore prince named Nahar Singh Bhomia, who is believed to have haunted the construction site. The fort was originally named Sudarshangarh, but it was later changed to Nahargarh Fort in honor of the prince. This intriguing folklore adds an aura of mystique to the fort’s already captivating ambiance.
Nahargarh Fort is renowned for its impressive fortifications and strategic positioning. The sturdy walls and bastions were designed to protect the city of Jaipur from potential invaders. One of the significant features of the fort is the Madhavendra Bhawan, a multi-level palace complex comprising suites for the royal family. This palace is distinguished by its symmetrical layout and intricate frescoes, showcasing the exquisite craftsmanship of the era. The fort’s scenic location offers panoramic views of the surrounding landscape, including the Jaipur cityscape and the magnificent Aravalli Hills. Visitors can relish breathtaking sunsets and embrace the tranquility of the natural surroundings from the fort’s vantage points, creating a truly mesmerizing experience.
Nahargarh Fort has also made its mark in the world of cinema. The fort’s captivating architecture and scenic backdrop have attracted filmmakers from both Bollywood and Hollywood. It served as a shooting location for the renowned Bollywood movie “Rang De Basanti,” adding an extra layer of cultural significance to the fort. Besides its historical and cinematic allure, Nahargarh Fort boasts several interesting facts. It is said that the fort was connected to Jaigarh Fort through a secret underground passage, allowing safe passage between the two fortifications. This underground tunnel adds an air of mystery to Nahargarh’s already intriguing narrative. Additionally, the fort features a stepwell which is an architectural marvel that served as a water reservoir during ancient times.
7. Jaisalmer Fort
Rising majestically from the golden sands of the Thar Desert, Jaisalmer Fort stands as an architectural marvel and a testament to the rich history of Jaisalmer, Rajasthan. Constructed in 1156 AD by Rajput ruler Rawal Jaisal, the fort is a living embodiment of the city’s glorious past. Often referred to as the “Golden Fort” due to its distinctive yellow sandstone walls that shimmer in the sunlight, Jaisalmer Fort is a sight to behold. The fort’s significant features include its formidable fortifications and the intricate craftsmanship adorning its palaces, temples, and havelis (mansions). The fort is surrounded by 99 bastions, offering panoramic views of the city and the vast desert beyond. It houses numerous palaces that showcase the opulent lifestyle of the Rajput rulers, including the Raj Mahal (Royal Palace) and the intricately carved Jain Temples. The havelis within the fort, such as Patwon Ki Haveli and Salim Singh Ki Haveli, display exquisite architecture and intricate detailing, capturing the essence of a bygone era.
Jaisalmer Fort is renowned for its interesting facts and intriguing legends. It is one of the few living forts in the world, with a significant portion of the population still residing within its walls, which makes it one of the best Forts in Rajasthan to explore, while in Jaisalmer. The fort’s intricate water conservation system, which includes underground water channels and reservoirs, reflects the remarkable engineering skills of the past. Another fascinating fact is that the fort is built entirely from yellow sandstone, giving it a golden hue that changes with the light of the sun. Jaisalmer Fort has also served as a backdrop for various movies, adding to its allure. The fort’s stunning architecture and desert surroundings have attracted filmmakers from around the world. It gained global recognition through the movie “The Dark Knight Rises,” where it stood as the imposing prison known as “The Pit.” Additionally, Bollywood movies like “Sonar Killa” and “Jab We Met” have showcased the fort’s captivating beauty on the silver screen.
A visit to Jaisalmer Fort promises a mesmerizing experience filled with history, culture, and breathtaking views. The fort’s narrow alleys, bustling marketplaces, and enchanting architecture transport visitors to a bygone era. The fort’s enchanting ambiance and the captivating tales it holds provide an irresistible urge to immerse oneself in its timeless charm. As the sun sets over the desert horizon, Jaisalmer Fort illuminates with a golden glow, creating a magical spectacle that lingers in the memories of all who visit. A journey to Jaisalmer Fort is an opportunity to delve into the opulence of Rajasthan’s past and immerse oneself in the vibrant tapestry of Jaisalmer’s heritage, leaving visitors yearning for more of this extraordinary desert fortress.
Located in the city of Bikaner, Rajasthan, Junagarh Fort stands as a magnificent architectural marvel and a testament to the valor and grandeur of the Rajput rulers. Built-in 1588 AD by Raja Rai Singh, the sixth ruler of Bikaner, the fort is a splendid blend of Rajput and Mughal architectural styles. Unlike many other forts in Rajasthan, Junagarh Fort was not built on a hilltop but stands at ground level, showcasing its unique design and historical significance. The fort’s significant features lie in its impressive fortifications and splendid palaces. It is surrounded by a moat and encompasses several majestic palaces, including Anup Mahal, Chandra Mahal, Phool Mahal, and Karan Mahal, making Junagarh one of the finest palaces and forts in Rajasthan. These palaces boast intricate carvings, magnificent frescoes, and ornate mirror work, displaying the opulent lifestyle of the rulers. The fort also houses a museum that showcases a vast collection of artifacts, manuscripts, weapons, and artwork, providing a glimpse into the rich cultural heritage of the region.
One remarkable fact of Junagarh is that despite several attacks by enemy forces, the fort remained unconquered throughout its history. Another intriguing aspect is that the fort’s walls are adorned with beautiful frescoes depicting scenes from mythology, hunting expeditions, and royal processions. These intricate artworks showcase the craftsmanship and artistic excellence of the era. It served as a shooting location for the renowned Bollywood movie “Mirzya,” where its magnificent architecture and historical ambiance added a touch of grandeur to the film.
A visit to Junagarh Fort is a journey through time, offering a captivating blend of history, architecture, and cultural heritage. Exploring its intricate corridors, witnessing the stunning artwork, and experiencing the grandeur of the palaces evoke a sense of wonder and admiration. The fort’s well-preserved structures and rich artifacts provide a window into the glorious past of Bikaner.
Nestled amidst the rugged hills of Rajasthan, Bhangarh Fort stands as a mysterious and hauntingly beautiful monument. Built in the 17th century by King Madho Singh, the fort carries a reputation as one of the most haunted places in India, making it a must-visit fort in Rajasthan.. Bhangarh Fort’s history is shrouded in legends and tales of curses, making it an intriguing destination for thrill-seekers and adventure enthusiasts. The significant features of Bhangarh Fort lie in its architectural grandeur and picturesque surroundings. The fort is surrounded by thick walls and adorned with intricately carved temples, palaces, and havelis (mansions). The notable structures within the fort include the Gopinath Temple, Someshwar Temple, and Keshav Rai Temple. These temples exhibit fine craftsmanship and delicate carvings, adding to the allure of the fort.
However, what truly sets Bhangarh Fort apart is that it is one of the 7 Haunted Places to Visit in Rajasthan due to the spine-chilling stories associated with it. According to local legends, a curse was cast upon the fort by a tantric who fell in love with the princess of Bhangarh. The curse prophesied the doom of the fort and its inhabitants, leading to its eventual abandonment. It is believed that anyone who enters the fort after sunset will never return, giving rise to the fort’s haunted reputation. Interestingly, the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) has officially prohibited entry to Bhangarh Fort after sunset to this day. Visitors are not allowed to stay inside the fort premises during the night, creating an aura of mystery and intrigue. Many visitors claim to have witnessed paranormal activities, eerie sounds, and unsettling experiences within the fort, further fueling its haunted reputation.
Bhangarh Fort stands as a testament to the enigmatic and mystical side of Rajasthan. Its eerie charm, rich history, and chilling legends make it an alluring destination for the intrepid traveler. A visit to Bhangarh Fort promises an immersive journey into the unknown, leaving visitors captivated by its haunting beauty and yearning for more of its enigmatic tales.
Perched atop a steep hill in the quaint town of Bundi, Rajasthan, Taragarh Fort stands as a testament to the region’s rich history and architectural splendor. Built in the 14th century, the fort holds immense historical significance and offers breathtaking views of the surrounding landscape. Taragarh Fort, also known as the Star Fort, was originally constructed to serve as a defensive stronghold against enemy invasions. The fort’s significant features lie in its impressive fortifications and strategic positioning. The rugged walls of the fort enclose a vast complex comprising palaces, temples, reservoirs, and gardens. The panoramic views of Bundi town and the Aravalli Range from the fort’s vantage points are awe-inspiring and offer a glimpse into the region’s natural beauty.
One remarkable feature of the fort is its extensive underground tunnels that were used for communication and escape during times of war. These tunnels add an air of mystery and intrigue to the fort’s already fascinating allure. Another interesting fact is that the fort houses the Bhim Burj, a cannon believed to be one of the largest in India. The fort has also caught the attention of filmmakers. The mesmerizing architecture and historical ambiance of Taragarh Fort have served as a backdrop for various movies and television shows. The fort’s distinctive charm has been captured on celluloid in films such as “Bhool Bhulaiyaa” and “Golmaal Again,” adding to its cinematic appeal.
Bundi, with Taragarh Fort as its crown jewel, beckons travelers with its regal allure and serene surroundings. The fort’s magnificent architecture, coupled with the town’s vibrant bazaars, ancient stepwells, and colorful havelis, offers an immersive cultural experience. A visit to Taragarh Fort promises to be a journey through time, leaving visitors captivated by its grandeur and yearning for more of Bundi’s ancient and peaceful charm.
11. Ranthambore Fort
Perched atop a hill in the Ranthambore National Park in Rajasthan, Ranthambore Fort stands as a majestic symbol of the region’s rich history and natural beauty. Built in the 10th century by the Chauhan dynasty, the fort has witnessed the rise and fall of various rulers throughout the centuries. Ranthambore Fort served as a strategic stronghold due to its commanding position overlooking the surrounding jungle and served as a vital defense against invading armies.
The fort boasts significant features are it’s imposing walls, massive gateways, and intricate architecture showcase the skill and craftsmanship of the bygone era. Inside the fort, visitors can explore its palaces, temples, and other structures, each offering a glimpse into the glorious past of Rajasthan. The Ganesha Temple, dedicated to Lord Ganesha, and the Trinetra Ganesh Temple, known for its three-eyed deity, are popular spiritual landmarks within the fort. One of the interesting facts associated with Ranthambore Fort is its unique amalgamation of historical and natural wonders, which makes it one of the best forts in Rajasthan with a UNESCO Heritage Status. The fort is located within the boundaries of the Ranthambore National Park, making it a unique fort-and-wildlife combination. The fort’s strategic location within the national park offers breathtaking views of the surrounding lush greenery and abundant wildlife, including tigers, leopards, and various species of birds.
A visit to Ranthambore Fort provides a perfect blend of history, nature, and wildlife. Exploring its majestic halls, wandering through its temples, and witnessing the panoramic views of the national park create a truly immersive experience. The fort’s historical significance, coupled with the thrill of spotting wildlife in its natural habitat, evokes a sense of wonder and adventure.
Frequently Asked Questions About Historic Forts In Rajasthan
1. What are the must-visit forts in Rajasthan?
The must-visit forts in Rajasthan, which are also UNESCO World Heritage Sites, include Amber Fort, Chittorgarh Fort, and Jaisalmer Fort. These forts showcase the architectural brilliance, historical significance, and cultural heritage of the region.
2. How many forts are there in Rajasthan?
Rajasthan is home to numerous forts, and the exact number can vary depending on different sources. However, it is estimated that there are around 100 forts in Rajasthan, each with its own unique charm and historical importance.
3. Which is the largest fort in Rajasthan?
Chittorgarh Fort is the largest fort in Rajasthan. Spread over an area of 700 acres, it encompasses magnificent palaces, temples, and towers. With its rich history and impressive architecture, Chittorgarh Fort stands as a testament to the valor and resilience of the Rajput rulers.
4. Are there any haunted forts in Rajasthan?
Yes, there are a few forts in Rajasthan that are believed to be haunted. Bhangarh Fort in Alwar is renowned for its ghostly reputation and is often referred to as the most haunted fort in India.