Delving Into The History Of Bagalkot

 In History, karnataka, Travel

From ancient legends to modern progress, the history of Bagalkot is a fusion of  conquest, culture, and commerce. Nestled in the heart of Karnataka, this city’s story begins in the mists of time, tracing back to its earliest known inhabitants, the prehistoric tribes that once roamed in its fertile lands. 

Bagalkot tells us a story through time, tracing the footsteps of empires, the whispers of legends, and the echoes of forgotten tales.Want to know more about the History of Bagalkot !!

Come, let us embark on this historical journey together, to uncover the hidden gems and untold stories that lie at the heart of Bagalkot’s long-lasting heritage.

About Bagalkot

Bagalkot district, officially Bagalakote, is an administrative district in the Indian state of Karnataka. The district headquarters is located in the town of Bagalakote. The district is located in northern Karnataka and borders Belgaum, Gadag, Koppal, Raichur and Bijapur.

The new Bagalakote district was carved out of Vijayapura in 1997. The bifurcated Bagalkot district consists of ten taluks — Badami, Bagalakote, Bilagi, Guledgudda, Rabkavi Banhatti, Hunagund, Ilkal, Jamakhandi and Mudhol, Teradal.

The Ghataprabha River, Malaprabha River and Krishna River flow through the district. Kudalasangama lies at the point of confluence of the rivers Krishna and Malaprabha and is famous for being the samadhi of Basavanna.

Like most districts in India, Bagalkot is headed by a Deputy Commissioner, with various Tahalsidars heading individual taluks in the district.

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History of Bagalkot

History of Bagalkot

Bagalkot historical background was very diverse. According to stone inscriptions in the surrounding area, the town’s name was formerly Bagadige. According to legend, the town was given to the Bhajantries (musicians) by Ravana, the king of Lanka who ruled this area.

As per the history of Bagalkot, one of the Biajpur Adil Shahi king Ibrahim Adil Shah II is said to have presented the town to his daughter as bangle money (a tradition in which the daughter is given money to buy bangles, sarees, and gold ornaments from her parents after the marriage.

Bagalkot historical significance

Bagalkot historical significance

Bagalkot historical significance is a link with ancient civilizations, particularly renowned for its pivotal role as the capital of the Chalukya dynasty. Bagalkot ancient civilization remained under successive dominions of Vijayanagara emperors, Biajpur Adil Shahi, Peshwas, kingdom of Mysore, Maratha rulers, and finally the British in 1818. In 1865, it was established as a municipality and civic amenities were provided to the residents of Bagalkot.

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Festival of Bagalkot

Festival of Bagalkot

Bagalkot is famous for a splendid cultural heritage that has been enriched by its marvellous historical and religious background. Revelling in its rich legacy, the city is known for its grand festive celebrations which are Bagalkot historical events.A great time to visit the city is during the four-day festival of Holi Habba when it is drenched in colour. 

The Chalukya Utsav, held every year in February, is the highlight of the city’s cultural scenario. The town is most famous for its Holi-Habba festival. Holi-Habba is the festival of colours which was initially a five day long celebration but was reduced to a three day celebration due to security reasons.

The festival is celebrated to mark the unity in the town between different sections of society living together. The festival is also a great moment of joy for everyone in the town. Apart from this magnificent festival the town also has various other tourist spots.

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Places to visit near Bagalkot

Places to visit near Bagalkot

Bagalkot historical landmarks offer a glimpse of  the region’s rich and diverse heritage.Some of them are:

  • Aihole This spot is home to 140 temples from the Chalukyan era. This palace is located on the bank of river Malaprabha.
  • Badami Cave Temple This cave temple is located in the town of Badami in Bagalkot district and this place is considered to be excellent of Badami Chalukya Architecture. Sandstone hills were used to carve this temple.
  • Pattadakal This palace has been added to the UNESCO World Heritage Site. There are many temples built in this region by Vikramaditya II.
  • Kudalasangama This place is known for the samadhi of Basavanna, who was a social reformer. Basavanna was born in the 12th century and fought against caste and racial exploitation.
  • MudholThis place is famous as the birthplace of Kannada poet Kavi Chakravarti Ranna. Today Mudhol is famous for its own breed of dogs known as Mudhol hounds. The imprints of royal British and ancient Indian architecture can be observed at Mudhol. Mudhol was one of the princely states of British India.

Bagalkot Weather

Bagalkot Weather

The weather in Bagalkot is dry and the place rarely experiences any rainfall. The climate is moderate from October to February, and this is the best time to visit Bagalkot.

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Where to stay in Bagalkot

Bagalkot has a total of 2 hotels.There are 2 hotels in Bagalkot with the popular ones being Badami Court.

Restaurants in Bagalkot

Restaurants in Bagalkot

1. Pakwaan

2. Laziz Pizza

3. Maharaja Garden Resort

4. Chetna Hubli Mess. 

Moving Around in Bagalkot

Government operated buses are available to travel to the important areas in and around the city. Auto-rickshaws are the most common means of transport. You can hire an auto-rickshaw directly from the street. 

However, the best way of travelling within Bagalkot, especially for tourists, is by hiring a private taxi. This allows you to explore the city in a hassle-free manner, as per your own convenience. 

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How to reach Bagalkot

How to reach Bagalkot By Road

By Road

The town is situated on NH- 367 which connects it to NH-50 and NH-52. The town is well connected via bus routes and car rentals. There are regular car and bus services available to reach the town.

By Rail

The town also has a well connected railway route. Bagalkot has direct trains to various major cities in India like Hyderabad, Mysore, Bengaluru, Mumbai etc. The train services of the town come under the south-western railway region.

By Air

The town does not have its own functioning airport but the nearest airport to the town is the Hubli airport which is at a distance of 109 km from the town and the other nearest airport is the Sambre airport which is 130 km away from the town.


Hence, the history of Bagalkot is not merely a chronicle of events but a narrative of cultural synthesis, and enduring heritage. From its ancient origins to its present-day vibrancy, Bagalkot historical background stands as a tribute to the timeless spirit of human venture and the richness of its cultural blend. 

As the pages of history turn, Bagalkot continues to carve its path forward, guided by the lessons of the past and the goals of the future, ensuring that its legacy remains maintained.

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What is the historical background of Bagalkot, Karnataka?

The Bagalkot historical background, Karnataka, is deeply intertwined with the rise and fall of various dynasties and civilizations that have left their mark on the region. History of Bagalkot dates back to ancient times, with evidence of human habitation found in prehistoric archaeological sites in the surrounding areas.

Can you provide an overview of the ancient civilization that existed in Bagalkot?

Bagalkot, located in the southern Indian state of Karnataka, has a rich history dating back to ancient times. One of the most prominent Bagalkot ancient civilization was the Chalukya dynasty. In the 6th century CE, the Hindu Chalukya rulers ruled over much of present South India. The Chalukyan king Pulakeshin I established Bagalkote as his administrative headquarters; the district retained its prominent status until the Chalukyan empire was sacked by the Rashtrakutas in 753 CE.

What significant historical events have occurred in Bagalkot?

Bagalkot and its surrounding region have witnessed several Bagalkot historical events over the centuries. Some of the Bagalkot historical events are the Chalukya Dynasty, Battle of Talikota (1565), British Colonial Era, Indian Independence Movement, Formation of Karnataka State (1956) and many more.

What are some notable Bagalkot historical landmarks or monuments?

Bagalkot and its surrounding areas have several notable historical landmarks and monuments, many of which date back to the Chalukya dynasty and other ancient civilizations. Some notable Bagalkot historical landmarks or monuments are Badami cave temples, Aihole, Pattadakal, Banashankari Temple, Mahakuta Group of Temples and many more.

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